Advancing Learning Outcomes and Leadership Skills

After-school support programs are a vehicle through which life skills can be transferred to learners, according to evidence generated by the African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC) through a series of community-based interventions. These programs have contributed to improvements in academic achievement, improved educational aspirations, greater interest in schooling, enhanced resistance to negative peer pressure, and increased parental involvement. […]

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Les Jeunes En Afrique Occidentale Et Centrale

Ce rapport synthétise les résultats d’enquêtes démographiques et sanitaires (EDS) et les données d’autres sources, portant sur plusieurs aspects importants− socioéconomiques, éducatifs, sanitaires et démographiques− de la situation des jeunes d’Afrique occidentale et centrale, au moment où la région s’apprête à bénéficier d’un premier dividende démographique. […]

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Challenges to Implementing National Comprehensive Sexuality Education Curricula in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Case Studies of Ghana, Kenya, Peru and Guatemala

School-based comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) can help adolescents achieve their full potential and realize their sexual and reproductive health and rights. This is particularly pressing in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where high rates of unintended pregnancy and STIs among adolescents can limit countries’ ability to capitalize on the demographic dividend. While many LMICs have developed CSE curricula, their full implementation is often hindered by challenges around program planning and roll-out at the national and local level. A better understanding of these barriers, and similarities and differences across countries, can help devise strategies to improve implementation; yet few studies have examined these barriers. This paper analyzes the challenges to the implementation of national CSE curricula in four LMICs: Ghana, Kenya, Peru and Guatemala. It presents qualitative findings from in-depth interviews with central and local government officials, civil society representatives, and community level stakeholders ranging from religious leaders to youth representatives. […]

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Community Health Volunteers’ Decision Support System Project

This report summarizes the evaluation of an intervention project that developed and tested a decision support mobile health (mHealth) application. The application was developed as an integrated data capture tool running as a mobile application with selected reporting forms for community health volunteers (CHVs) in Kenya and connected to health facilities. The system is an attempt to improve CHV decision-making and referral mechanisms for mothers and newborns. Following a year of implementation, we explored the experiences of CHVs, health workers and members of sub-county health management teams (SCHMT) with respect to improving maternal and newborn health (MNH) outcomes in the urban slums of Kamukunji sub-county in Nairobi, Kenya.

Recommended citation:

Pauline Bakibinga, Eva Kamande, Lyagamula Kisia and Milka Omuya. 2018. Report of the 2017
End-line Survey for the Community Health Volunteers’ Decision Support System Project;. African
Population and Health Research Center (APHRC); Nairobi: APHRC. […]

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Young People in West and Central Africa: Health, demographic, education and socioeconomic indicators

By 2025, West and Central Africa (WCA) will not only have the largest number of young people globally but will also be the only region of the world where the population of young people will continue to grow. Protecting the lives and ensuring the well-being of these young people is a precondition for development and progress in the sub-region.
This fact sheet presents evidence on the situation of young people in WCA. It specifically addresses the health, economic, educational, demographic, and other conditions related to young people in the sub-region, and highlights essential evidence in the drive towards the region’s first demographic dividend and much-vaunted vision of shared prosperity for all its citizens. […]

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Adolescent Girls’ Primary School Mobility and Educational Outcomes in Urban Kenya

With hundreds of primary schools to choose from, young adolescent girls in Nairobi’s urban informal settlements commonly transfer schools. We qualitatively investigate the causes and quantitatively investigate the consequences of such mobility. Key reasons for transferring schools include difficulty in paying fees and anticipated net benefits from a different school. Transferring during lower primary leads to a poorer resourced school, while transferring during upper primary a higher resourced school. Correspondingly, transfers during lower primary are associated with falling behind, while in upper primary with getting ahead, as well as with improved basic reading and math test scores. […]

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From Paper to Practice: Sexuality Education Policies and Their Implementation in Kenya

The African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC) in conjunction with the Guttmacher Institute conducted a study on sexuality education conducted in 78 secondary schools in Kenya. At a time when the Kenyan curriculum is under review by the Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development, this study provides evidence and an opportunity for policymakers and decision makers to explore how best to improve the comprehensiveness of existing curricula, in order to better equip adolescents with the information and skills they need to achieve healthy sexual and reproductive lives, prevent sexual violence and avoid negative health outcomes. […]

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Violence victimisation and aspirations–expectations disjunction among adolescent girls in urban Kenya

Violence victimization is a key threat to adolescents’ well-being in urban slums in sub-Saharan Africa. We examined the association between violence victimization and aspiration–expectations disjunction using cross-sectional data from 2360 girls aged 11–15 years in a slum settlement in Nairobi, Kenya. We conducted bivariate and multivariate analyses to assess the association between violence victimization and aspirations–expectations disjunction, a measure of the difference between aspirations and expectations for achieving them.

One-third of girls had experienced at least one form of violence. At bivariate and multivariate level, violence victimization was significantly associated with higher aspirations–expectations disjunction but not with aspirations, suggesting that girls who had experienced violence had lower expectations for achieving aspirations. Results imply that girls who experience violence may lose hope in their future. Interventions to screen girls for violence victimization and enable positive coping may be critical. […]

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Solid Waste Management and Risks to Health in Urban Africa – A Study of Nairobi and Mombasa Cities in Kenya

This report documents household characteristics, solid waste management (SWM) and the associated risks to health in two cities in Kenya. The study was conducted in the communities of Korogocho/Dandora, Saika and Makadara in Nairobi, and Bamburi and Kisauni in Mombasa. The selection of the communities was informed by the need to examine the commonalities and differences as well as the magnitude of perceived risks vis-a-vis SWM practices in the respective locations. […]

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Young People in West and Central Africa: Health, Demographic, Education and Socioeconomic Indicators

By 2025, West and Central Africa (WCA) will not only have the largest number of young people globally but will also be the only region of the world where the population of young people will continue to grow. Protecting the lives and ensuring the well-being of these young people is a precondition for development and progress in the sub-region.
This fact sheet presents evidence on the situation of young people in WCA. It specifically addresses the health, economic, educational, demographic, and other conditions related to young people in the sub-region, and highlights essential evidence in the drive towards the region’s first demographic dividend and much-vaunted vision of shared prosperity for all its citizens. […]

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Land, Culture, Culture Loss and Community: Rural Insights from Sub-Saharan Africa

The Routledge Handbook of Community Development explores community development theory and practice across the world. The book provides perspectives about community development as an interactive, relevant and sometimes contradictory way to address issues impacting the human condition. It promotes better understanding of the complexities and challenges in identifying, designing, implementing and evaluating community development constructs, applications and interventions.

This edited volume discusses how community development is conceptualized as an approach, method or profession. Themes provide the scope of the book, with projects, issues or perspectives presented in each of these areas. […]

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