Quality and Access to Education in Urban Informal Settlements in Kenya*

To achieve its objective of increasing accessibility to schooling and education, the Kenyan government introduced the Free Primary Education (FPE) policy in 2003. Although the introduction of the policy led to dramatic increases in enrollment, provision of adequate school places in densely populated urban areas as well as delivery of quality primary education remains a challenge. Kenya urban informal settlements are characterized by a myriad of challenges including inadequate provision of infrastructure and social amenities. […]

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Primary School Completion and Grade Repetition Among Disadvantaged Groups: A Challenge to Achieving UPE by 2015*

The 2003 free primary education (FPE) program essentially aimed to make primary education accessible and affordable to all children, particularly for previously excluded and disadvantaged groups. This is congruent to the millennium development goal (MDG) that calls for achieving universal primary education by 2015; where all school-age children not only enroll in primary schools but also complete a full course of primary schooling. Despite a rapid increase in primary school enrollment following the FPE program, primary completion and progression rates have remained very low. Low completion and progression rates are a major challenge and a concern of achieving the MDG on universal primary education by 2015. […]

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