Urban health in Kenya. Key findings: The 2000 Nairobi cross-sectional slum survey*

In the year 2000, APHRC conducted the first Nairobi Cross-Sectional Slum Survey that examined health profiles of urban slum residents comparing them with those of rural residents in Kenya. The 2000 “Population and Health Dynamics in Nairobi’s Informal Settlements” report showed that slum residents have poorer health and social outcomes than residents in more affluent neighborhoods, and perhaps surprisingly, than rural residents. This fact sheet contrasts the report’s urban health findings with subsequent assessments including the recent 2008/09 Kenya Demographic Health Survey (KDHS). […]

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Population and Health Dynamics in Nairobi’s Informal Settlements: Report of the Nairobi Cross-sectional Slums Survey (NCSS) 2000 *

This report documents demographic characteristics and health conditions of Nairobi City’s slum residents based on a representative sample survey of urban informal settlement residents carried out from February to June 2000. The aims of the “Nairobi Cross-sectional Slums Survey (NCSS)” were to determine the magnitude of the general and health problems facing slum residents, and to compare the demographic and health profiles of slum residents to those of residents of other areas in Kenya. Modeled after the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), which have been conducted in Kenya and many other developing countries, the study was designed to provide comparable data to the 1998 Kenya DHS so that health indicators in the slums could be contrasted with estimates for Nairobi as a whole, rural areas, and other urban settlements. In addition to general indicators measured in the DHS, the NCSS obtained information on a range of other issues including general, health, and reproductive health problems faced by slum residents. […]

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