Urbanization and Wellbeing

Urban Health and the Physical Environment

Cities are the future of our world. Today, more than half of the world’s population lives in urban centers—and this proportion will continue to grow. By 2050, nearly seven in ten persons will be living in cities. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), currently the least urbanized of all major regions of the world, will see the share of its urban population increasing from the current level of about 37% to more than 60%. Indeed, by 2030, 95 per cent of the world’s population growth and 97 per cent of the growth in the developing world will occur in Third-World cities.

The Urbanization and Wellbeing (UWB) research program at APHRC strives to be a pacesetter in defining research priorities on urban studies in Africa and in producing credible evidence on the causes, course and consequences of the urbanization process in the region.

Featured Project

Fecal Waste Management

Program: Urbanization and Wellbeing

Sanitation Value Chain


The Fecal Waste Management (FWM) project is a dual inquiry into policy and practice along the sanitation value chain in East Africa. This 3-year project seeks to improve and expand the implementation and resourcing of national sanitation policies in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. Anticipated project outcomes are in tandem with the Ngor Declaration of 2015, and Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6 on Clean Water and Sanitation which aim to see at least 0.5% of national Gross Domestic Product (GDP) allocated to sanitation; and to achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all; end open defecation while paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and other vulnerable populations. Overall, these investments are anticipated to have a five-fold return: socio-economic benefits including increased productivity of the working population, prevention of illness, prevention of disability, reduced healthcare costs and prevention of early death.

The project involves collaboration across three APHRC divisions: Urbanization and Wellbeing in Africa (UWBA) unit under the Research Division; Policy Engagement and Communication Division; and the Research Capacity Strengthening (RCS) Division. The multi-disciplinary team will work in six rapidly urbanizing areas in East Africa: Mbarara and Kampala (Uganda), Nairobi and Nakuru (Kenya) and Dar es Salaam and Arusha (Tanzania), taking advantage of devolution that have given sub-national governments implementation mandates, as well as requirement for a stronger focus on gender mainstreaming.

Project Funders

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    www.gatesfoundation.org ...


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