Ms. Joyce Manahiri is an Assistant Lecturer, Department of Geography, and University of Dar es Salaam. Since she was employed at the University of Dar es Salaam, Ms. Joyce has been teaching, doing research and engaging in consultancy. Prior to her current position, she was a secondary school teacher at Dakawa High School in Morogoro region and Azania High School in Dar es Salaam region. Ms. Joyce pursued Bachelor of Education (Arts) at the University of Dar es Salam from 1998 to 2002 and Masters of Arts (Demography) at the same University and graduated in 2007. Currently she is pursuing PhD in Demography at the University of Dar es Salaam. She has a longstanding interest in population studies and public health.