PUBLICATION: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Mbada, C.E., Ayanniyi, O., Ogunlade, S.O., Orimolade, E.A, Oladiran, A.B., & Ogundele, A.O.
Long-term mechanical low-back pain (LBP) results in inhibition and atrophy of the deep segmental muscles such as
multifidus and overactivity of the longer superficial muscles of the trunk with resultant decreased dynamic activity and
increased fatiguibility [1–4]. Long-term mechanical LBP is more difficult to treat [5–7] and treatment outcomes give
variable results [8–10] and it consequently results in both physical and psychological deconditionings that trap the
patient in a vicious circle characterized with decreased physical performance, exacerbated nociceptive sensations, depression, impaired social functioning, and work disability .