Creating a school system that provides quality education requires more than expanding enrollments but also thinking about the eventual learning outcomes. Many developing countries have had commendable successes in improving access to schooling after they implemented universal basic education programs as part of the Millennium Development Goals and Education For All efforts. In Kenya, for example, enrollment increased by 20% between 2002 and 20102. In spite of this success, there is a global consensus that while enrollments have continued to surge, quality of education has plummeted. One reason for this is the poor quality of teaching. It is critical to know how well teachers understand the subject matter they teach and how they teach it because this has an effect on how and what children learn in school.
Moses Ngware is a Senior Research Scientist and Head of Education Research Program. Ngware provides the leadership in education research at APHRC. He designs research projects, conducts policy relevant research in the areas of access...