Undie, C., Ibisomi, L., Muteshi, J., Fotso, J.C., & Zulu, E.,
Health issues have been a consistent item on the agenda of African government meetings since 2001. Paradoxically, inequalities
in health persist, with reproductive health in particular described as a “continental state of emergency” by ministers of health as they
moved actions in october 2005 at the 2nd ordinary Session of the Conference of African Ministers of Health in Gaborone, Botswana,
and adopted a “Continental policy Framework on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR).” The Continental Policy Framework called for prioritizing and improving access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and services by strengthening the health sector through increased allocation of resources to health. The African Union (AU) Health Ministers further called for the development of a concrete and costed plan of action for implementing the framework. This culminated in the drafting of The Maputo Plan of Action (MPoA) for the operationalization of the Continental Policy Framework for Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (MPoA), which was endorsed by the summit of the African Union Heads of State and Government in January 2007 to serve as a short-term plan of action for the period 2007 to 2010.