PUBLICATION: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Onsomu, E.O., Kimani, J.K., Abuya, B. A., Arif, A.A., Moore, D., Duren-Winfield, V., & Harwell, G.
The study purpose was to determine the association between sexual debut and HIV sero-status, and factors contributing to a positive HIV sero-status. Retrospective cross-sectional data from the Kenya Demographic and Health Survey-2003 were used. Data on women aged 15-49 (n=3,273) and men aged 15-54 (n=2,917) accepting HIV testing were retained from three datasets. Stata version 10.1 was used for analyses, p<0.05. Nine percent of women and 5% of men tested positive for HIV, of whom 46% and 49%, p<0.001 were aged 16-21 respectively. After adjusting for confounding, women and men who had sexual debut aged 16-21 were 2.31 (95% CI: 1.52-3.51), p<0.001 and 1.83 (95% CI: 1.07-3.13), p<0.05 times more likely to test positive for HIV compared to those who never had sex respectively.
Benta is an education specialist with training in Demographic Research. Her experience is in education policy issues of access, equity, and quality; the linkages between education and health outcomes for adolescents; gender issues in education;...