July 29, 2013
The long-awaited high-level panel report on the post-2015 development agenda called for a “data revolution” and proposes a new international initiative to get the job done. The proposed public-private initiative, called the Global Partnership on Development Data, would be responsible for developing a strategy to address gaps in critical information, improving data availability, and ensuring that quality baseline information is in place to measure and define progress against established development goals.
This focus on data makes sense – particularly as the current quality, timeliness and accuracy of data is dire – and the new development agenda, regardless of its details, will rely on accurate data to assess progress.
So what does a Data Revolution actually mean and how can it happen? Some development practitioners will advocate for more data — a lot more. Others will argue there is already plenty of data collection occurring, but not the right kind. Some experts will suggest that we rely primarily on internationally comparable development statistics, and encourage more development partner involvement. Others will suggest country-developed statistics should be used as the gold standard, and countries should lead their own data priority-setting and production. Meanwhile, Open Data evangelists will say open access to all kinds of data, whatever its quality, is the key. Finally, there are lots of “old” global data initiatives still around – Paris21, trust funds at the World Bank, DHS and others.
No doubt it will be hard to make sense of this complex landscape and balance these viewpoints within a new global initiative, let alone a region or a single country.
So our Data for African Development Working Group (DFAD)—co-chaired with Alex Ezeh from theAfrican Population and Health Research Center (APHRC)–is grappling with these issues in the context of sub-Saharan Africa. While the diverse group of Working Group experts–which include national statistics producers, donors and international institutions—have varying opinions on every issue debated, the group has discussed barriers to the improvement of data usability and statistical capacity (as well as mechanisms to overcome them).
We would argue that a successful data revolution will require the following:
No matter what targets are chosen for the post-2015 development agenda, accurate measurement through timely and quality data will be integral to determining their success. Stay tuned for the final recommendations from the Data for African Development Working Group, which are expected to be released later this year. We hope they will provide tangible next steps for the development community to achieve the much-needed Data Revolution in Africa.
This blog was originally posted on the Center for Global Development Website
Associate Research Scientist