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Intimate partner violence, abortion, and unintended pregnancy: Results from the WHO Multi-country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence

"OBJECTIVE: To explore how intimate partner violence (IPV) is associated with unintended pregnancy and abortion in primarily low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: Population data are presented from 17 518 ever-partnered women participating in the WHO Multi-country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence in 15 sites in 10 countries. Using multiple logistic regression analyses, associations between physical and/or sexual partner violence and abortion and unintended pregnancy were explored. RESULTS: Women with a history of IPV had significantly higher odds of unintended pregnancy in 8 of 14 sites and of abortion in 12 of 15 sites. Pooled estimates showed increased odds of unintended pregnancy (adjusted OR 1.69; 95% CI, 1.53–1.86) and abortion (adjusted OR 2.68; 95% CI, 2.34–3.06), after adjusting for confounding factors. Reducing IPV by 50% could potentially reduce unintended pregnancy by 2%–18% and abortion by 4.5%–40%, according to population-attributable risk estimate CONCLUSION:IPV is a consistent and strong risk factor for unintended pregnancy and abortion across a variety of settings. Unintended pregnancy terminated through unsafe abortion can result in death or serious complications. Therefore, reducing IPV can significantly reduce risks to maternal and reproductive health."

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  • Publication Year: 2013
  • Country/Region: Global
  • Accessible: Yes
  • Source: International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. January 2013, Volume 120, Issue 1: Pages 3–9
  • Doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2012.07.003
  • Link: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Lori_Heise/publication/230836996_Intimate_partner_violence_abortion_and_unintended_pregnancy_Results_from_the_WHO_Multi-country_Study_on_Women's_Health_and_Domestic_Violence/links/54e1f6c50cf296663793adac.pdf
  • Language: English
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2013 Author(s)   Pallitto C C, Garcia-Moreno C, Jansen Hafm, Heise L, Ellsberg M, Watts C, W. H. O. Multi-Country Study Women's Hl In Article Key words